James Hardie was initially founded in Scotland in 1867, but moved to Australia in 1892. In the mid 1980s, James Hardie pioneered the development of fiber-cement technology, and began designing and manufacturing a wide range of fiber-cement building products that made use of the benefits that came from the product´s durability, versatility and strength. Using the technical and manufacturing expertise it developed in Australia, James Hardie Inc. expanded its operations to become a world-leading, specialized, high-technology manufacturer of a wide range of fiber-cement building materials. Today, James Hardie Inc. is purely a fiber-cement business. It operates in markets around the world, with manufacturing operations in the United States, Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines.